Argentina travel guide




Argentina Travel Guide

Painting & Sculpture

Argentina is one of the main cultural centers of South America with a vibrant and active contemporary painting and sculpture scene also is home of many famous painters.

At the beginning, arts in Argentina had strong European influences and was related to foreign artists such as Emeric Essex Vidal, Carlos Enrique Pellegrini, Juan León Palliere, Juan Mauricio Rugendas, Cayetano Descalzi and Baldasarre Verazzi.

The first renowed Argentine artists were Carlos Morel, Prilidiano Pueyrredón and Cándido Lopez (famous for his detailed paintings, during the War of the Triple Alliance, he lost his right arm, after that he learned to paint with his left hand).

The interest in Argentine paintings grew during the earlier 1900s with works of Angel Della Valle, Martin A. Malharro, Ernesto De la Carcova, Eduardo Sivori, Eduardo Schiaffino. By 1910, works of artists such as Césareo Bernaldo de Quirós, Cupertino del Campo, Fernando Fader, Pio Collivadino marked a new period in the Argentine painting. By these period, the distinctive Argentinian style emerged, Argentine artists absorved global tendencies without losing their local identity.

Some years later, other distinguished artists emerged like Antonio Alice, Fray Guillermo Butler, Santiago Eugenio Daneri, Miguel Carlos Victorica, Augusto Marteau. Benito Quinquela Martin made great artworks with the thematic of the port life.

One of the greatest and puzzling artists in Argentina is Oscar Agustín Alejandro Schulz Solari who adopted the name of Xul Solar, his paintings are mainly watercolors, often using Bright and eye-catching colours, his interests in astrology, Buddhism and reincarnation are reflected in his works. Close friend of Jorge Luis Borges, he also invented two imaginary languages: the "Pan Criollo" and the "Pan Lengua". A large number of his works are on display at the National Fine Arts Museum in Buenos Aires.

Some of the most representative contemporary painters include Juan Carlos Castagnino, Carlos Alonso, Ramón Gomez Cornet, Antonio Berni (neo-figurative style), Raquel Forner, Guillermo Kuitca, Emilio Pettoruti (cubist), Raúl Soldi, Lino Eneas Spilimbergo, their works are appreciated internationally.

Luisa Isabel Isella with her "Sediento" and Lola Mora with her "Fuente de las Nereidas", "La Justicia", "El Progreso", "La Paz", "La Libertad" and "El Trabajo" sculptures were the first sculptress in Argentina.

Some famous sculptures in Argentina include "The Slave" (Francisco Cafferata), "Falucho" (Lucio Correa Morales), "Canto al Trabajo" (Rogelio Yrurtia). The most acclaimed Argentine artists and sculptors are León Ferrari and Lucio Fontana; other important sculptors include Alfredo Bigatti, Pablo Curatella Manes, Hernán Cullen Ayerza, Jose Fioravanti and Pablo Tosto.

If you visit Argentina, you will have the chance to see and enjoy many beautiful pieces of art; its most recognized art galleries and museums include the Museo de Arte Latinoamericano Buenos Aires (MALBA), the Museo de Arte Decorativo, the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, the Museo Sivori and the private galleries in the Recoleta and Retiro neighborhoods. You must visit the Recoleta cemetery, the "Bernandino Rivadavia" mausoleum and the "Manuel Dorrego" monument in your cultural circuit around Buenos Aires.

Several churches are art galleries with artworks from the viceregal period including the marvelous works of the indigenous Cuzco school.

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