Argentina travel guide




La Plata Travel Guide

The City of La Plata

La Plata was officially founded by governor Dardo Rocha on November 19, 1882, on purpose, to become the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, the main state of Argentina. The city is located on the humid region of the Pampas, only 36 miles southeast of Buenos Aires city, on the Rio de la Plata and covers an area of 940.38 km2. The climate of this region is mild with an average of 17ºC and an average rainfall of 1023 mm per year, with abundant humidity.

The city was excellently planned with geometrical perfection, the design of the city was in charge of the urban planner Pedro Benoit, the city has the shape of a square with a central park and two diagonal avenues, the city was designed with parks, green areas, museums, cultural and educational centers, if you go along the avenues, diagonals or streets, you will find a public square every seven blocks.

The city design and its buildings has a strong Freemason symbolism, this is said because of both Rocha and Benoit being Freemasons. The most representative buildings in the city are the City Hall Building which has a German Renaissance style, the Government House which has a Italian style and the Provincial Legislature Building, is a city with history and tradition.

It is essential to mention the National University of La Plata, founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905, known as one of the most prestigious educational institutions in Latin America, attached to the university are the library and university extension, containing 41,000 volumes, the Natural Sciences Museum, founded in 1877, with valuable anthropological, palaeontological, zoological, and mineral collections, and an astronomical observatory erected in 1882. Ernesto Sabato graduated in physics; he went on to teach at the Sorbonne and the MIT before becoming a famed novelist.

In 1895, the number of inhabitants were 45,410, and 80,000 in 1907, most of them were foreigners, actually the city has 574,369 inhabitants approximately, according with the 2001 census.

The city is familiarly called City of Diagonals (La Ciudad de las Diagonales in Spanish), also is called City of Tilia (La Ciudad de los Tilos in Spanish), because of the large number of linden trees along the streets. its magnificent architectural style makes the city a very enjoyable place for tourists.

Finally, the city is home of two football teams that plays in the Argentine first division: Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata and Estudiantes de La Plata.

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