Argentina travel guide




Argentina Travel Guide

Explore Argentina

The name Argentina, comes from the Latin "Argentum" which means silver, the origin of his name goes back to the indigenous people giving silver objects to the Spanish conquerors as presents and news about a legendary mountain rich in silver, reached by Spain about 1524. The country is formally called the República Argentina (Argentine Republic). Presently, Nación Argentina (Argentine Nation) is used too.

Argentina is located in South America, in the southern hemisphere, is the second in land area in South America, and eighth in the world, with a total area of 2,766,890 square kilometres (1,078,000 sq mi) and 4,989 kilometres of coastline. To the north is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia, in the northeast by Brazil and Uruguay, and in the west and south by Chile.

Geographically, the country has enormous contrast between its four parts:
  • The immense eastern plains of the Pampas, the source of agricultural wealth in Argentina and land of the Gauchos, which includes the province of Buenos Aires, the south of Córdoba and south of Santa Fe;
  • The impressive Andes mountain range along the western border separating Argentina from Chile, where the highest peaks os South America stand;
  • Towards the south, there appear the sterile and stony plateaus but oil-rich plateau of Patagonia;
  • To the north, Chaco is a subtropical area with forests, scrubland, and wetlands, home to a wide number of vegetal and animal species. The province of Santiago del Estero belong to the drier part of the Gran Chaco.
Argentina`s territory has great climactic variety, in the north is subtropical, in the southern Patagonia is sub-antarctic, and in The Pampas the climate is mild and humid. Argentina`s population is more than 36 million inhabitants, The official language is Spanish (some "lunfardo" expresions are used too), but English, Italian, German and French are also spoken. There is absolute creed freedom in Argentina, but the official religion is Roman Catholic. Other religions practiced in Argentina are Buddhism, Greek Orthodox, Jewish, Moslem, Mormonism, Protestant, Shamanism, Russian Orthodox and others.

The official Argentine currency is the Peso. There are bills of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 pesos, and coins of 1 peso and 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, although you can choose to pay using US dollars, credit and debit cards or travellers cheques.

You could visit many towns with historical centres in the land of the Pampas, the Andes mountains offer great outdoor adventures: hiking, skiing and more, or you could visit Patagonia, the cold and rugged land, or Ushuaia, the most southern city of the country, land with abundant wild-life (birds, seals and other artic animals) and big glaciers, or if you wish, visit the desert and steppes in the northwestern and in the northeastern part of the country, the impressive Iguazú Falls. The People are full of kindness, and the weather is pleasant. If you want to explore Argentina, check out the holiday deals from Direct Holidays

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