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NOVIEMBRE 20


Argentina Travel Guide

Argentina Literature



People in Argentina loves literature, around ten thousand books are edited annually among works of poets, novelists, essayists, writers, and scientists. Main cities have bookstores open all day, the "best sellers" are on display in bookstores every day.

The Buenos Aires International Book Fair is the largest festival in Latin America and attacts more than 1 million readers. There are book sales, exhibitons, readings, roundtable discussions, workshops, and many other activities. There are also special events where authors, editors, booksellers, librarians, and many more people meet.

Argentina is home of writers, poets and playwrights, the culture of the country is reflected in their works. The first literary works were made by Matías Rojas de Oquendo and Pedro González de Prado by 1550s.

During the second half of the Nineteenth century appeared the gaucho literature, using the gaucho language and reflecting their mentality. José Hernández (his book "Martin Fierro" occupies an important space in the universal literature), Hilario Ascasubi, Estanislao del Campo, and Rafael Obligado are the representative figures of this genre called the gauchesco or "gauchoesque" style.

In the middle of the XIX century, José Mármol published the first Argentine novel, Amalia. By the end of the 19th, Leopoldo Lugones, a representat of the modernism, published the first Argentine science fiction story.

During the first half of the 20th century emerged important literary figures such as Alfonsina Storni, Baldomero Fernández Moreno, Gustavo Martínez Zuviria and Roberto Arlt.

Authors such as Jorge Luis Borges, Victoria Ocampo, Manuel Puig, Ernesto Sábato, Eduardo Mallea, Julio Cortázar, Adolfo Bioy Casares and Osvaldo Soriano are the representative figures of the contemporary literature in Argentina.

The most important Argentine writer is Jorge Luis Borges, his poems, stories and essays are considered between the best literature of the 20th century, Borges was born in 1899 and died in Geneve in 1986. His books include "Ficciones" (Fictions), "Historia Universal de la Infamia" (A Universal History of Infamy), "Otras Inquisiciones" (Other Inquisitions) and many others.

Adolfo Bioy Casares who wrote some books jointly with Borges, wrote his first story at the age of 11, won the Premio Miguel de Cervantes and was declared Illustrious Citizen of Buenos Aires in 1986. his works include "La invención de Morel" (The Invention of Morel), "El sueño de los héroes" (Dream of Heroes), "Dormir al Sol" (Asleep in the Sun), "Seis problemas para don Isidro Parodi" (Six Problems for Don Isidro Parodi, with Jorge Luis Borges) and others.

Julio Cortázar was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1914, like Borges, he spent much of his childhood reading. In 1951, Cortázar was voluntarily exiled in France, where he lived until his dead en 1984. Cortázar was a novelist and short story writer, his books among others are: "El perseguidor" (The Pursuer), "Los premios" (The Winners), "Rayuela" (Hopscotch), "El libro de Manuel" (A Manual for Manuel). Michelangelo Antonioni filmed a version of one of his short stories, "Las Babas del Diablo", under the name of "Blow Up".

Ernesto Sábato is a novelist and essayist, he earned a Ph. D. in Physics, worked at the Curie Institute and attended at the Sorbonne. After World War II, he started writing. Some of his works are "El Tunel" (The Outsider or The Tunnel), "Sobre Heroes y Tumbas" (On Heroes and Tombs) and Abaddón el Exterminador (The angel of darkness). Sábato also presided the CONADEP, a commission that investigated the incurred events during the Dirty War.

Manuel Puig (1932-1999), wrote the famous "El beso de la Mujer Araña" (Kiss of the Spider Woman), "La traición de Rita Hayworth" (Betrayed by Rita Hayworth), "Boquitas pintadas" (Heartbreak Tango) among other books.

Osvaldo Soriano, was a journalist and writer, also was a lover of soccer and cinema, in the United States is best known for the film based on his novel "No habra más penas ni olvido" (Funny Dirty Little War). He wrote other books such as: "Triste, solitario y final" (Sad, lonely and final), "Cuarteles de Invierno" (Winter Quarters), "Una sombra ya pronto serás" (Shadows).

Comics are well represented by Mafalda, the comic strip drawn by Joaquín Salvador Lavado, better known by Quino. Another famous Argentine cartoonist is Roberto "El Negro" Fontanarrosa, his better known strip is Inodoro Pereyra featuring a gaucho.



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