Argentina travel guide

ARGENTINA TRAVEL

YOUR TRAVEL GUIDE TO ARGENTINA

DICIEMBRE 11


Argentina Travel Guide

Argentina History



Before the European colonization, Argentina was a territory sparsely populated. In 1480, Pachacuteq, emperor of the Incas, began the conquest of the northwestern area of the current Argentinian territory, the northeastern was populated by the Guarani Culture, the central and southern areas was dominated by nomadic cultures.

In 1516, the Spanish navigator Juan Diaz de Solìs, visit for first time the current Argentinian territory. Spain established a permanent colony in 1580 on Buenos Aires as member of the Vice-royalty of Peru, in 1776, Spain established the Vice-royalty of the Río de la Plata (Virreinato del Río de la Plata). This vice-royalty included today's Argentina, Uruguay, and a percentage of Bolivian territory.

The Country started to obtain their own identity in 1806, with the failed British invasion, Argentina stood up with success against one of the most powerful nations of the world.

On May 25, following the example set by the Spanish cities, after overthrow of King Ferdinand VII by the French, Buenos Aires formed its own open town meeting (Cabildo Abierto) and invited the other provinces to join. A junta was elected, the viceroy was deposed. Argentina declared his formal independence from Spain on 9 July 1816 in San Miguel de Tucuman, and in 1817, General Josè de San Martin led an army across the Andes to liberate Chile and Peru thus eliminating the Spanish treat.

Making independence increasingly a reality, the national unity was established with the constitution promulgated in 1853. The country encouraged immigrants to come from Europe. By 1914, major part of the Argentine population was immigrant based. Argentina experienced increasing prosperity until 1930, when, with the beginning of the world financial crisis and the forced military government of Hipólito Yrigoyen, who led and ushered a decade of Conservative rule.

The Country started a new page in its history, with the presidency of Juan Domingo Perón. After winning the election of 1946, Perón tried to increase the power of the working class and expended the number of unionized workers, Perón transformed the country with an active industrialization, and nationalizing the telephone companies, gas and British-owned railroads, he promoted a policy of extreme nationalism. Perón's political was reinforced by his second wife Maria Eva Duarte de Peron or Evita. Evita established a national charitable organization, who gives political support for Perón.

Perón was re-elected for the 1952-1958 period, but the Revolución Libertadora of 1955 deposed him. Argentina entered a long period of military dictatorships and weak civilian governments, during those years the economy grows strongly but became extremely protectionist.

» Argentina History - Part II
» Argentina History - Part III





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